Typed Transcript of the Commissioners' Report to the Governor of South Carolina on the Negotiation of the Treaty of 1840 (Treaty of Nation Ford)
The Treaty of 1840, also known as the Treaty of Nation Ford, was negotiated between a group of commissioners selected by Governor Patrick Noble (c.1787 - 7 April 1840, governor from 1838 until his death in 1840) of South Carolina, and representatives of the Catawba Tribe. Under the United States Constitution, only the Federal Government, not the states, may make treaties with "Indian Nations," and so the Treaty of 1840 was never ratified by the U.S. Congress, or signed into law by the president, and thus was never in force. In the event, South Carolina never fulfilled the promises it made under the Treaty of 1840, neither in terms of purchasing lands for the Catawba in Haywood County, North Carolina, or any cash payments. South Carolina did, however, take the Catawba's land. This document is a report to Governor Noble prepared by the commissioners responsible for negotiationg the treaty, and provides valuable insights into the negotiations, and the Catawba's reasons for agreeing to such a treaty.