Published Commissioners' Report on the Treaty of 1840 (Treaty of Nation Ford), from the Charleston Courier, 3 December 1840.
This document was clipped from a digital copy of the Thursday, 3 December 1840 edition of the Charleston Courier, page 2 as archived on on Newspapers.com. It has been digitally altered to lighten the background for easier reading, and converted from a JPEG to PDF file for uploading.
The Treaty of 1840, also known as the Treaty of Nation Ford, was negotiated between a group of commissioners selected by Governor Patrick Noble (c.1787 - 7 April 1840, governor from 1838 until his death in 1840) of South Carolina, and representatives of the Catawba Tribe. Under the United States Constitution, only the Federal Government, not the states, may make treaties with "Indian Nations," and so the Treaty of 1840 was never ratified by the U.S. Congress, or signed into law by the president, and thus was never in force. In the event, South Carolina never fulfilled the promises it made under the Treaty of 1840, neither in terms of purchasing lands for the Catawba in Haywood County, North Carolina, or any cash payments. South Carolina did, however, take the Catawba's land. This document is a report to Governor Noble prepared by the commissioners responsible for negotiationg the treaty, and provides valuable insights into the negotiations, and the Catawba's reasons for agreeing to such a treaty.